The structural and graphic development of a container in which product is packed, transported, presented, used and serves to support the intended brand position.
A sub-category of consumer non-durable goods. (e.g., Bottled water is a packaged, non-durable good.)
A physical container that serves to protect the product, while clearly identifying and distinguishing the brand from its competitors. For example, beer may be packaged in a bottle (Primary Package), which is then packaged in a "6 pack" (Secondary Package) which is then packaged into cases (Tertiary Package).
A strong brand that can stand alone to represent a core product/service or be used to support allied products/services by sharing its brand identity.
The degree of difference between consumers' perception of the brand and the brand owner's own view and perception of the brand.
Analysis of where actual and potential customers map a brand in relation to competitors. This illustrate two or more brand metrics at one time, to graphically compare and contrast relevant data.
See: Brand Mapping
A brand's inability to deliver on consumers' expectations. This is often caused when advertising, public relations, and or packaging improperly influence consumer perception by appealing to reasons or emotions that are not in line with the brand promise.
A change in Strategy without a change in vision. (The term was coined by Eric Ries, author of a best-selling book, The Lean Startup)
A tactic by which a brand's earlier offerings are made to appear less desirable in comparison with the brand's newest offerings, by altering consumer perceptions of the desirability of the models they have already purchased.
A display that presents a product and provides additional information such as features and benefits.
Another term for point-of-purchase: A display that presents a product and provides additional information such as features and benefits.
Any cultural lifestyles, brands and/or activities that are well known, generally accepted and widespread within a given population. Also known as "mainstream".
The plan of action intended to create a particular place for a product in the market and in the minds of consumers.
Any contemporary brand that is respected as holding greater brand value than well-known popular brands.
Setting the pricing structure of an offering to support the brand position.
The first level of packaging that holds a product. For example, the carton that holds eggs, the bottle that contains beer or the jar that holds pickels.
A product or service brand owned by a retailer, wholesaler, dealer, or merchant, as opposed to the manufacturer, producer or service provider of the offering.
A group of products, manufactured or distributed by an organization, that are often closely related (functions or benefits) and marketed under the same brand.
A study of consumer recognition of a brand after either, hearing the brand name said aloud, or seeing the brand name and/or logo.
The affect of sound on human emotion and behavior
Ideologies that influence individual consumers in terms of specific brand preference on the basis of psychological characteristics.
Pricing intended to influence the consumers' perception of the actual value of a product or service.
A brand that is considered public domain, is unprotected by copyright or patent, and is subject to appropriation by anyone.
Pull promotions aim to generate consumer demand. The offering is pulled through the supply chain as consumers demand that retailers carry the offering, which then creates demand on the producer.
The theory that consumers move through five purchasing phases based on need: Awareness, Consideration, Preference, Purchase, and Repurchase.